Important Dates – Canadian Citizenship Test Help

Important Dates Canadian Citizenship Test
Here is a chronological list of important dates – Canadian citizenship test help. You need to memorize the many, many different dates that are important to Canadian history. All dates are events referred to in the Discover Canada study guide.

1215Magna Carta signed in England
1497John Cabot expedition to Canada. He was the first to map the east coast of Canada. This marks the beginning of European exploration in Canada.
1534 – 1542Jacques Cartier makes 3 voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. He claims land for King Francis I of France.
1550sThe name “Canada” begins appearing on maps.
1604French explorers Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain establish the first European settlement north of Florida.
1608Samuel de Champlain builds a fortress at what is now Quebec City.
1610English settlement begins
1670Kind Charles II of England grants the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the watershed draining into Hudson Bay.
1700sThe maple leaf is adopted as a symbol in Canada
1701The French and Iroquois make peace.
1755-1763Great Upheaval. More than two-thirds of Acadians were deported from their homes.
1758The first representative assembly is elected in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1759British defeat the French in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec City. This marks the end of France’s empire in North America.
1763Aboriginal territorial rights are first guaranteed.
1774The British Parliament passes the Quebec Act
1776The 13 British colonies south of Quebec declare independence and form the United States. Joseph Brant leads thousands of loyalist Mohawk Indians into Canada.
1791The Constitutional Act passes, dividing the Province of Quebec into Upper Canada (later Ontario) and Lower Canada (later Quebec). The name Canada becomes official.
1793Upper Canada is the first province in the British Empire to move toward abolition of slavery.
1800sIce hockey is developed in Canada.
1805Napoleon Bonaparte’s fleet defeated in the Battle of Trafalgar.
1812In June, the United States launches an invasion to conquer Canada.
1814The American attempt to conquer Canada fails.
1815The Duke of Wellington defeats Napoleon.
1832The Montreal Stock Exchange opens.
1833The British Parliament abolishes slavery throughout the British empire.
1840Upper and Lower Canada unite as the Province of Canada.
1847-1848Nova Scotia attains full responsible government (the first British North American colony to do so).
1849Sir Louis Hippolyte La Fontaine becomes the first head of a responsible government. He is a champion of French language rights.
1854The Victoria Cross is initiated as the highest honour available to Canadians.
1857Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as the capital of Canada. It is located on the Ottawa River.
1860sCanadian Parliament Buildings are completed.
1864Sir Leonard Tilley suggests the term “Dominion of Canada”.
1867The Fathers of Confederation establish the Dominion of Canada on July 1. The British Parliament passes the British North America Act, now known as the Constitution Act. Sir John Alexander Macdonald, a Father of Confederation, became Canada’s first Prime Minister. Canada becomes a constitutional monarchy. The responsibilities of the federal and provincial governments are defined.
1869Canada takes over the Northwest region from the Hudson’s Bay Company.
1873The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is created.
1890sThe Yukon Gold Rush gets underway
1891Basketball is invented by James Naismith, a Canadian
1916 Manitoba grants voting rights to women (the first province to do so).
1917The Canadian Corps captures Vimy Ridge. Canada’s reputation for valour is secured. Canadian troops are known as the “shock troops of the British Empire.”
1918Women can vote in federal elections. They must be Canadian citizens and over the age of 21.
1920The Group of Seven is founded. These painters developed a style of painting to capture rugged wilderness landscapes.
1921King George V chooses red and white as Canada’s national colours.
1927Old Age Security devised. In memory of WW1, the Peace Tower is completed.
1929The stock market crashes. Leads to the Great Depression or “Dirty Thirties.”
1934Bank of Canada is created.
1940Unemployment insurance introduced. Now called “Employment Insurance”.
1944Canadians capture Juno Beach on June 6, as part of the Allied invasion of Normandy on D-Day during WWII.
1947Oil is discovered in Alberta. Thus begins Canada’s modern energy industry.

Important Dates – Canadian Citizenship Test Help

1948Japanese-Canadians gain the right to vote.
1951The majority of Canadians can afford adequate food, shelter and clothing for the first time.
1952Queen Elizabeth II becomes Queen of Canada
1960sThe Quiet Revolution in Quebec, an era of rapid change
1960Aboriginal people finally granted the right to vote!
1965Canada Pension Plan and Quebec Pension Plan are devised. The Canadian flag we know today was raised for the first time.
1967The Order of Canada is introduced; this is Canada’s own honours system.
1969Parliament passes the Official Languages Act, which guarantees French and English services in the federal government across Canada.
1970sCanadians begin to use the term First Nations
1980Terry Fox begins the Marathon of Hope. He becomes a Canadian hero. O Canada was proclaimed our national anthem.
1982The Constitution of Canada is amended to entrench the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Queen Elizabeth II proclaims the amended constitution in Ottawa
1988Canada enacts free trade with the United States
2006The House of Commons recognizes that the Quebecois form a nation within a united Canada.Important Dates – Canadian Citizenship Test Help on YouTube>
Important Dates – Canadian Citizenship Test Help on Google Plus>
Canadian Citizenship Test Practice Exam