Chapter 5 How Canadians Govern Themselves

Questions and Answers

Chapter5 How Canadians Govern Themselves1. Parliament has three parts. They are which of the following?
  • 1. The Sovereign, the House of Commons and the Provincial Legislative Assemblies
  • 2. The Queen, the Prime Minister and the Governor General
  • 3. The Sovereign, the Senate and the House of Commons
  • 4. The House of Commons, the Provincial Legislature and the Municipal Governments
2. Who makes up the House of Commons?
  • 1. Members of Parliament elected by the people traditionally every four years
  • 2. Senators appointed by the Governor General
  • 3. Cabinet ministers appointed by the Prime Minister
  • 4. Senators appointed by the Prime Minister
3. Provincial legislatures are made up of which of the following?
  • 1. The Legislative Assembly and the Municipal Governments
  • 2. The Premier and the Members of Legislative Assembly
  • 3. The Lieutenant Governor and the Premier
  • 4. The Lieutenant Governor and elected Assembly
4. Who makes up the judicial branch of government?
  • 1. The House of Commons
  • 2. Parliament
  • 3. All of the above
  • 4. The Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Courts and the Provincial Courts
5. The Premier appoints a cabinet, a group of ministers to assist in running the province or territory
  • 1. False
  • 2. True
6. When do the House of Commons’ Members of Parliament vote on a bill?
  • 1. During the third reading
  • 2. During the second reading
  • 3. After royal assent
  • 4. After judicial review
7. Who represents the Sovereign in each province?
  • 1. The Commissioner
  • 2. The Sovereign
  • 3. The Lieutenant Governor
  • 4. The Legislative Assemblies
8. What are areas over which the federal government has jurisdiction?
  • 1. Agriculture, currency, human rights
  • 2. Education and health
  • 3. Property rights, immigration and civil rights
  • 4. Defence, foreign policy, interprovincial trade and communications
9. Who is Canada’s head of state?
  • 1. The Commissioner
  • 2. The Sovereign
  • 3. The Governor General
  • 4. The Prime Minister
10. What are bills?
  • 1. Government proposals
  • 2. Interpretations of existing laws
  • 3. Proposals for new laws
  • 4. Annual expense reports of government expenditures
11. Who is Canada’s head of government?
  • 1. The Sovereign
  • 2. The Commissioner
  • 3. The Governor General
  • 4. The Prime Minister
12. What is the difference between the head of state and the head of government?
  • 1. There is no difference
  • 2. The head of government governs the country
  • 3. The head of the government is a hereditary Sovereign
  • 4. The head of state governs the country
13. The Governor General gains office how?
  • 1. Is elected by the House of Commons
  • 2. Is elected by the people
  • 3. Is appointed by the Prime Minister
  • 4. Is appointed by the Sovereign
14. What is the first step in making a bill a law?
  • 1. Royal assent
  • 2. First reading
  • 3. Judicial assent
  • 4. Senate review
15. What are the three key facts about Canada’s system of government?
  • 1. We are a federal state, an independent democratic republic and an important part of the British Empire.
  • 2. We are a British dominion, a democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
  • 3. We are a federal state, a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy
  • 4. We are a republic, a federalization of independent provinces, and a democracy
16. What is a Premier’s role?
  • 1. To direct the governing of a province or territory
  • 2. To advise the Lieutenant Governor
  • 3. To assist the Prime Minister
  • 4. To direct the members of the provincial legislature
17. The Sovereign is actively involved in governing Canada
  • 1. True
  • 2. False

18. How do the nations of the Commonwealth cooperate?

  • 1. With a military and trade alliance
  • 2. To support one another economically
  • 3. To advance social, economic and cultural progress
  • 4. To advance sporting excellence and British interests
19. The governments and assemblies of the Northern Territories
  • 1. Do not carry out many of the same functions as the provincial governments
  • 2. Are not composed of elected officials
  • 3. Carry out many of the same functions as the provincial governments
  • 4. Are operated at the municipal and local level only
20. What is the final step in making a bill a law?
  • 1. Prime Ministerial veto or approval
  • 2. Royal assent
  • 3. Review by the Lieutenant Governor
  • 4. Senate review
21. Who reviews bills first?
  • 1. The House of Commons
  • 2. Parliament
  • 3. The Senate
  • 4. The Governor General
22. What do the House of Commons and the Senate do?
  • 1. Interpret the bills passed by Parliament
  • 2. Consider and review bills (proposals for new laws)
  • 3. Implement the bills passed by the senate
  • 4. Debate the laws passed by Parliament on behalf of the Queen.
23. What is the Prime Minister responsible for?
  • 1. The Prime Minister is responsible for leading the government
  • 2. Selecting cabinet ministers and the operations and policy of the federal government
  • 3. The Prime Minister is responsible to the elected representatives, which means he or she must retain the confidence of the House.
  • 4. The Prime Minister is accountable to the Queen for handling the operations of government.
24. Why is Canada’s head of state a foreign Sovereign?
  • 1. Canada is a constitutional monarchy
  • 2. Canada is a federalized state
  • 3. Canada is a member of the Commonwealth
  • 4. Canada is a parliamentary democracy
25. Who oversees the Federal Court of Canada and the Provincial Courts?
  • 1. The Sovereign
  • 2. The Prime Minister
  • 3. The House of Commons
  • 4. The Supreme Court of Canada
26. The Lieutenant Governors gain office how?
  • 1. Elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies
  • 2. Elected by the people
  • 3. Appointed by the Premiers
  • 4. Appointed by the Governor General
27. What are areas over which the federal government has jurisdiction?
  • 1. Education and health
  • 2. Property and civil rights
  • 3. Currency, navigation, criminal law and citizenship
  • 4. Agriculture and transportation
28. Who represents the Sovereign in Canada?
  • 1. The Commissioner
  • 2. The Queen
  • 3. The Prime Minister
  • 4. The Governor General
29. The three northern territories have the same status as provinces:
  • 1. False
  • 2. True
30. Who advises the appointment of Lieutenant Governors?
  • 1. The Governor General
  • 2. The Premier
  • 3. The Provincial Legislative Assemblies
  • 4. The Prime Minister
31. How is parliamentary democracy carried out in Canada?
  • 1. Voters do not elect members to the House of Commons, only the provincial and territorial legislatures
  • 2. Voters elect representatives to municipal governments
  • 3. Voters elect senators to the House of Commons and members of parliament to the provincial legislatures.
  • 4. Voters elect members to the House of Commons in Ottawa and to the provincial and territorial legislatures
32. Who is the head of government in a province?
  • 1. The Lieutenant Governor
  • 2. The Premier
  • 3. The Leader of the Provincial Opposition
  • 4. The Commissioner
33. How long is the Governor General’s term?
  • 1. There is no term limit
  • 2. Ten years
  • 3. Four years
  • 4. Five years
34. Which other countries have constitutional monarchies?
  • 1. Denmark, Norway and Australia
  • 2. The United States
  • 3. South Africa and Japan
  • 4. France and the Ukraine
35. In the provinces, the legislative assemblies are which of the following?
  • 1. Elected by the House of Commons
  • 2. Elected by the people
  • 3. Appointed by the Queen
  • 4. Appointed by the federal government
36. What are elected provincial representatives called?
  • 1. Members of the National Assembly or House of Assembly
  • 2. All these answers
  • 3. Members of the Legislative Assembly
  • 4. Members of the Provincial Parliament
37. How does the British Royal Family set an example for citizens?
  • 1. Lifelong service to the community is an encouragement for citizens to give their best to their country
  • 2. Lifelong service to the House of Commons
  • 3. Lifelong service to British Empire’s interests
  • 4. Lifelong service to the prosperity of the Commonwealth
38. Who are the cabinet ministers?
  • 1. Members of Parliament chosen the Prime Minster to assist in running the government
  • 2. Members of government
  • 3. Appointed by the Governor General
  • 4. Elected opposition officials
39. What are the three branches of government in Canada?
  • 1. The House of Commons, the Senate and the Sovereign
  • 2. Federal, provincial or territorial, and municipal
  • 3. Executive, Legislative, Judicial
  • 4. The House of Commons, the Provincial Assemblies and municipal governments
40. How often are members of Parliament elected?
  • 1. Traditionally every four years at the same time as Provincial elections
  • 2. Traditionally every two years
  • 3. Traditionally every four years
  • 4. For life
41. Who is the head of the judiciary?
  • 1. The Sovereign
  • 2. The Supreme Court of Canada
  • 3. The Prime Minister
  • 4. The Federal Court of Canada
42. For which areas does the federal government take responsibility?
  • 1. Matters of national and international concern
  • 2. Matters of international concern
  • 3. Civil rights, agriculture and immigration
  • 4. Trade, health and foreign policy
43. What does the interplay between the three branches of government secure?
  • 1. The rights and freedoms of Canadians
  • 2. That laws are passed quickly
  • 3. That laws are interpreted for their legal validity before they are granted royal assent
  • 4. That the government cannot pass laws that are illegal
44. Which steps of the legislative process take place in the House of Commons?
  • 1. Steps 1 to 5
  • 2. Steps 1 and 2
  • 3. Step 7
  • 4. Step 6
45. Where are provincial and territorial laws passed?
  • 1. In the House of Commons
  • 2. In the elected legislature of each province or territory
  • 3. In the Senate
  • 4. In the Judiciary
46. What part of Parliament is the Sovereign?
  • 1. The leader of the Senate
  • 2. An active debater of bills and laws
  • 3. A non-partisan focus of citizenship and allegiance
  • 4. The Head of Government
47. It is important for Canadians aged 18 or more to
  • 1. Participate in their democracy by voting in federal, provincial or territorial and municipal elections
  • 2. Participate directly in the review of bills
  • 3. Contact their elected officials when they are unsatisfied with decisions
  • 4. Participate indirectly in the challenge of bills
48. What are elected provincial representatives called?
  • 1. MLAs or Senators depending upon the province or territory
  • 2. MPPs or MPs depending upon the province or territory
  • 3. MPPs, MLAs, MNAs or MHAs depending upon the province or territory
  • 4. MPs or Councillors depending upon the province or territory
49. What is the Lieutenant Governor’s role?
  • 1. To advise the Governor General
  • 2. To represent the Sovereign in each province
  • 3. To advise the Sovereign
  • 4. To advise the Premier
50. Canadian citizens have the right and responsibility to
  • 1. Participate indirectly in the challenge of bills
  • 2. Participate in making decisions that affect them
  • 3. Challenge the laws that seem unfair
  • 4. Participate directly in the review of bills
51. Each province has its own legislative assembly
  • 1. True
  • 2. False
52. Who appoints Lieutenant Governors?
  • 1. The Prime Minister
  • 2. The Provincial Legislative Assemblies
  • 3. The Premier
  • 4. The Governor General
53. The Executive Branch of government is made up of elected officials.
  • 1. True
  • 2. False
54. Who is the head of the Commonwealth?
  • 1. The Sovereign
  • 2. The individual Prime Ministers
  • 3. The head of state
  • 4. The head of government
55. How many nations in the Commonwealth?
  • 1. 102
  • 2. 15
  • 3. 5
  • 4. 53
56. Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada?
  • 1. The Prime Minister
  • 2. The Governor General
  • 3. They are elected
  • 4. The House of Commons
57. Who elects Senators?
  • 1. They are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Queen
  • 2. They are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Governor General
  • 3. They are elected by the Members of parliament.
  • 4. They are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister
58. Provincial courts are overseen by the Federal Court of Canada
  • 1. True
  • 2. False
59. What is the Sovereign to Canada?
  • 1. A symbol of Canadian sovereignty and a reflection of our history
  • 2. A guardian of constitutional freedoms
  • 3. All these answers
  • 4. A focus of citizenship and allegiance
60. When does the Senate review a bill?
  • 1. After a bill receives judicial assent
  • 2. After the bill has passed through the House of Commons
  • 3. After a bill receives royal assent
  • 4. Before the committee stage
61. Who is the Commissioner in our government?
  • 1. The representative of the Premier in the three Canadian territories
  • 2. The head of government in the three northern territories
  • 3. The representative of the Sovereign in the three Canadian territories
  • 4. The representative of the federal government in the three Canadian territories
62. Who makes up the legislative branch of government?
  • 1. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet Ministers
  • 2. The House of Commons
  • 3. All of the above
  • 4. The House of Commons, the Senate and the Sovereign
63. What is the Committee stage of the bill review process?
  • 1. The public reviews the bill and contributes to the debate
  • 2. Committee members study the bill clause by clause
  • 3. The Governor General and the Sovereign review the bill in committee
  • 4. The senate reviews and debates the bill
64. At what age must Senators retire?
  • 1. 65
  • 2. 55
  • 3. 75
  • 4. They are appointed for life
65. Cabinet ministers must resign when
  • 1. They lose the confidence of the House of Commons and are defeated in a non-confidence vote
  • 2. They lose the support of the people that voted for them
  • 3. They lose the trust of the Prime Minister
  • 4. They lose the support of the Queen
66. How many steps in how a bill becomes law?
  • 1. Three
  • 2. Seven
  • 3. Four
  • 4. Eleven
67. What is the Report Stage of the bill review process?
  • 1. The Supreme Court reports on the legality of proposed bills
  • 2. The Senate creates a report on a bill
  • 3. The Governor General reports to the Sovereign about the proposed bill
  • 4. Members can make other amendments to a bill
68. Over which areas do the federal government and provincial governments share jurisdiction?
  • 1. Citizenship and criminal law
  • 2. Transportation and civil rights
  • 3. Property rights and municipal governments
  • 4. Agriculture and immigration
69. How do Senators gain office?
  • 1. They apply for the position
  • 2. They are appointed
  • 3. They are selected by the Queen
  • 4. They are elected
70. Who makes up the executive branch of government?
  • 1. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet
  • 2. The House of Commons
  • 3. The House of Commons and the Senate
  • 4. The Sovereign
71. Why does Canada’s federalism allow provinces to share jurisdiction over agriculture and immigration?
  • 1. To prevent the provinces from leaving Canada and joining the United States
  • 2. To tailor policies appropriate for the populations of the provinces and to experiment with new ideas and policies
  • 3. To support the provinces in generating enough income to sponsor health and education services
  • 4. To prevent secession into independent states
72. In Canada, elected representatives are responsible for which of the following?
  • 1. Passing laws, approving and monitoring expenditures, and keeping the government accountable
  • 2. Reviewing and approving the laws passed by the House of Commons
  • 3. Resigning if they are defeated in a non-confidence vote
  • 4. Passing laws, approving the expenditure of tax dollars, and responding to constituents
73. How many chambers of federal government are there?
  • 1. Three
  • 2. Four
  • 3. One
  • 4. Two
74. Who elects Members of Parliament?
  • 1. They are elected by the provincial assemblies
  • 2. They are appointed by the Prime Minister
  • 3. Citizens who hold property
  • 4. The people
75. How many judges on the Supreme Court of Canada?
  • 1. 5
  • 2. 7
  • 3. 9
  • 4. 11
76. Cabinet ministers are
  • 1. Loyal to the Prime Minister
  • 2. Responsible to the elected representatives
  • 3. Responsible to the people that elected them
  • 4. Hold the confidence of the house
77. The Sovereign plays an important, partisan role in Canadian politics:
  • 1. True
  • 2. False
78. For how long are Lieutenant Governors appointed?
  • 1. Four years
  • 2. Two years
  • 3. There is no term limit
  • 4. Five years
79. Which other countries have constitutional monarchies?
  • 1. The Netherlands and Tibet
  • 2. Jordan, Morocco and Spain
  • 3. Belgium and Nepal
  • 4. The United States and Saudi Arabia
80. What is the role of the Commissioner?
  • 1. To represent the federal government in a Canadian territory
  • 2. To advise the Premier of a Canadian territory
  • 3. To advise the Governor General on behalf of a territory
  • 4. To advise the Prime Minster
81. Who advises the appointment of the Governor General?
  • 1. The Senate
  • 2. The Prime Minister
  • 3. The Sovereign
  • 4. The House of Commons
82. What is referred to by the term Parliament?
  • 1. The physical building where bills are reviewed and debated
  • 2. The Legislative Assemblies of each province
  • 3. The Senate, the upper chamber of Canadian federal government
  • 4. The House of Commons, the Senate and the Sovereign
83. How many Lieutenant Governors are there?
  • 1. Ten
  • 2. Five
  • 3. Thirteen
  • 4. Two
84. What are the steps for turning a bill into a law?
  • 1. Bills are reviewed and passed by both chambers then grated Royal Assent
  • 2. Bills are proposed by the Senate, passed by the House then granted Royal Assent
  • 3. Bills are interpreted by the Supreme Court to determine their legal validity
  • 4. Bills are reviewed by the House, then Senate before receiving review by the Queen.
85. What is the seventh step in making a bill a law?
  • 1. Review by the Supreme Court
  • 2. Royal Assent
  • 3. Review by the Senate
  • 4. The Report Stage
86. Who grants royal assent to Canadian bills?
  • 1. The Prime Minister on behalf of the Sovereign
  • 2. The British government on behalf of the Sovereign
  • 3. The Governor General on behalf of the Sovereign
87. How many readings of a bill are there in the House of Commons?
  • 1. Three
  • 2. Four
  • 3. Two
  • 4. One
88. How does the Sovereign govern Canada?
  • 1. The Sovereign actually directs the governing of the country
  • 2. The Sovereign is part of Parliament, playing an important, non-partisan role as the focus of citizenship and allegiance
  • 3. The Sovereign plays a ceremonial role
  • 4. The Sovereign can veto bills passed by the House of Commons
89. The provinces are responsible for which of the following areas?
  • 1. Municipal governments, civil law and criminal law
  • 2. Education and immigration
  • 3. Natural resources, highways and citizenship
  • 4. Natural resources, property, civil rights and highways
90. Who appoints the Governor General?
  • 1. The Commissioner
  • 2. The Sovereign
  • 3. The Prime Minister
  • 4. The House of Commons
91. The provinces are responsible for which of the following areas?
  • 1. Immigration and agriculture
  • 2. Citizenship and criminal law
  • 3. Civil law and immigration
  • 4. Municipal government, education, health
92. What about our government structure helps secure the rights and freedoms of Canadians?
  • 1. The interplay between the House of Commons, the Senate and the Sovereign
  • 2. The interplay between the three branches of government – Executive, Legislative and Judicial
  • 3. The interplay between the first, second and third reading stages of a bill.
  • 4. The interplay between federal, provincial and municipal
93. What is the House of Commons?
  • 1. The provincial representative chambers, made up of Members of the Legislative assembly elected by the people.
  • 2. The upper house of government, comprised of unelected officials appointed by the Prime Minister
  • 3. The federal representative chamber, made up of Members of Parliament elected by the people, traditionally every four years.
  • 4. The name of the federal government building where bills are debated by Members of
94. Which other countries have constitutional monarchies?
  • 1. The Netherlands and Thailand
  • 2. Indonesia, Tibet and Nepal
  • 3. Greece, Romania and Switzerland
  • 4. Japan and the United States
95. What kind of governments are there in Canada?
  • 1. National and local
  • 2. Federal and local
  • 3. National, provincial and municipal
  • 4. Federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal

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